In modern times, modern management systems have highlighted human resources and are considered as the most valuable assets of the organization, so it is considered as the most effective steps in achieving the goals of the organization. In new organizational environments that are often subject to modifications such as complexity, turbulence, changes and speed, employees should be flexible, self-responsible, entrepreneurial, more responsible, and intent on initiative and freedom of action. Employees must be creative, innovative, optimist, committed and capable of performing high-quality jobs. Under such circumstances, the organization's staff is not only an instrument success of the manager, but also as organization's capital and the main drivers of the work flow and partners of the organization.
Therefore, the use of traditional management practices leads to the loss of employee innovation, increased workload and limitations for employees, and it is imperative that organizations make the most important source and competitive factor, namely, manpower for breakthroughs and predetermined goals.
Empowerment is a term that has become increasingly popular over the last few years. Empowerment is delegation of authority as well as responsibilities for performing assigned tasks and staff empowerment procedures. By implementing the empowerment process, the organization's goals can be easily achieved and benefits improving such as working conditions, increasing employee satisfaction, customers satisfaction, …. Hence, empowerment is one of the most important ways to strengthen the motivational factors affecting organizational commitment in the workplace.